Q. Two masses m and $\frac{m}{2}$ are connected at the two ends of a massless rigid rod of length l. The rod is suspended by a thin wire of torsional constant k at the centre of mass of the rod-mass system(see figure). Because of torsional constant k, the restoring torque is $\tau =k\theta$ for angular displacement 0. If the rod is rota ted by $\theta_0$ and released, the tension in it when it passes through its mean position will be:

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Solution:

$\omega = \sqrt{\frac{k}{I}}$
$ \omega = \sqrt{\frac{3k}{m\ell^{2}}}$
$ \Omega =\omega\theta_{0} = $ average velocity
$ T=m\Omega^{2}r_{1} $
$ T = m\Omega^{2} \frac{\ell}{3}$
$ = m\omega^{2} \theta^{2}_{0} \frac{\ell}{3}$
$ = \frac{k\theta^{2}_{0}}{\ell} $
$ I = \mu\ell^{2} = \frac{\frac{m^{2}}{2}}{\frac{3m}{2}} \ell^{2} $
$= \frac{m\ell^{2}}{3}$
$ \frac{r_{1}}{r_{2}} = \frac{1}{2} \Rightarrow r_{1} = \frac{\ell}{3} $

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